History: ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE NIGERIAN Vs BIAFRA CIVIL WAR
The Nigerian Civil War (also recognised as the Biafran War and the Nigerian-Biafran War) was oncea civil conflict in Nigeria fought between the authorities of Nigeria and the secessionist nation of Biafra from 6 July 1967 to 15 January 1970
Biafra represented nationalist aspirations of the Igbo people, whose management felt they ought to no longer coexist with the Northern-dominated federal government.
The warfare resulted from political, economic, ethnic, cultural and spiritual tensions which preceded Britain’s formal decolonization of Nigeria from 1960 to 1963.
Immediate reasons of the battle in 1966 coveredethno-religious riots in Northern Nigeria, a armycoup, a counter-coup and persecution of Igbo residingin Northern Nigeria. Control over the profitable oil manufacturing in the Niger Delta additionallyplayed a necessary strategic role.
On May 30, 1967, Lieutenant Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu and other non-Igbo representatives of the area set up the Republic of Biafra, comprising quite a few states of Nigeria.
After diplomatic efforts through Nigeria failed to reunite the country, hostilities between Nigeria and Biafra broke out in July 1967.
Ojukwu’s forces made some preliminary advances, but Nigeria’s optimum navy electricityprogressively decreased Biafran territory. The statelost its oil fields–its main supply of revenue–and without the funds to import food, an estimated one million of its civilians died Of starvation
On January 11, 1970, Nigerian forces captured the provincial capital of Owerri, one of the closing Biafran strongholds, and Ojukwu was forced to flee to the Ivory Coast. Four days later, Biafra surrendered to Nigeria.