Facts you never know about Anubias (Species, Planting and propagation)

Facts you never know about Anubias (Species, Planting and propagation)

Anubias is a genus of about 70 species belonging to the family Araceae. Its members are native to tropical central and western Africa, Madagascar, Socotra, and Southeast Asia. Anubias has been introduced in many other parts of the world as beautiful decorative plants with which fish live symbiotically.

Anubias are particularly appreciated for their large, dark green leaves with prominent white veins. The plants are usually anchored on the substrate and grow slowly.

The Anubias genus has two groups of species: – African, which lives in relatively high humidity and prefers shady places; – Asian, living in shaded areas along the margins of streams and rivers. They can be divided into three types: – submerged aquatics (A. barteri); – semi-aquatics (A. petiolata, A. nana), and – emergent aquatics (A. coffeefolia).

Anubias grow slowly compared to other plants; their leaves tend to develop into a dense mat that traps debris and reduces water flow for it becomes quite competitive. This characteristic has earned him impressive fame among aquarium owners. The mat of Anubias can be a haven for small fish and fry but it is most appreciated by large species such as Oscars or cichlids because their labyrinth organ helps them survive in the poorly oxygenated waters.

For this reason, it is necessary to place Anubias plants away from other species so that they do not compete for space.

What are its care requirements?

Anubias are relatively easy to take care of. These plants do not need fertilizer, CO2 supplementation or high light intensity. They require very little maintenance and can be kept in any aquarium.

The only thing they appreciate is a good substrate with organic material mixed with sand but it must be remembered that the roots are quite heavy so you need a nice solid base to hold them. In this case, it is advisable not to use gravel since it may be carried away by the roots and clog the water filter.

For Anubias to do well, you have to add fine gravel at the bottom of the bowl in which they will sit firmly so that they can take root.

Anubias is a plant of low growth, so it does not need any pruning or trimming and the leaves continue to grow and cover each other as they grow.

If we try to remove some of them we will do more harm than good because the plant has adapted to produce only a certain number of leaves according to its root system, so the removal of some will mean that it will be less productive.

The leaves are generally perennial so if they are damaged they recover quickly because both the roots and stems have restorative properties.

Anubias grow slowly compared to other plants, so you should not worry if your plant does not increase its size at a particularly fast rate.

You can also divide the plant by separating the roots from stones or gravels where it grows and replanting them in other pots, arranging them in the same way as before so that they are kept at an angle to each other. You must do this in spring when new leaves start to form.

Everything You Need to Know About Anubias barteri

If you notice yellowing, these plants are very useful because if you cut off the yellow part and attach it to a stone or other substrate where they will live, these plants will continue to grow.

If your Anubias looks unhealthy what can I do?

As we have mentioned before Anubias are particularly sensitive to copper which is present in most tap water. If you use tap water to feed your aquarium it is best to let it stand for a day before adding plants, in this way the copper will have dissipated.

If you are using bottled water you can skip this step because it does not usually contain this element.

Another problem that Anubias may suffer is when they are attached directly to rocks or stones because if CO2 is present they may be damaged.

This typically occurs in aquariums where CO2 injections are used, so if you notice that your Anubias are yellowing it may be caused by this circumstance.

A good way to solve this problem without losing too many leaves is to attach them with fishing line or thread being careful to tie them well so that they do not fall or get damaged.

Anubias are heavy plants and stones that may “dance” in the aquarium; to avoid this you should place pieces of slate between rocks and stones where Anubias grow.

Another problem that this plant can suffer from is when it is attached to sponges, as they are frequently used as decoration. Sponges can cause stagnation of water flow around Anubias because its root system is very fine and must always have oxygenated water.

If you notice that your plant does not seem to suffer from the lack of CO2, it may be due to this circumstance.

Anubias can also suffer from nutrient deficiencies. The most common nutrients that may be missing from the substrate are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. However, these deficiencies are not very common because they can usually be solved by adding fertilizers to the water column every week.

Anubias dies when it is exposed to extremely low or high temperatures, so if you have a particularly cold aquarium you should consider using a heater to avoid this circumstance.

If your Anubias withers at the top, but still has roots it is because the plant has lost its balance and they will probably rot.

In case of doubt, always ask for help in specialized forums and always read these guidelines again before adding aquarium plants to your tank.

How to propagate Anubias plants?

Anubias are rather delicate plants that require special attention, but if we follow the instructions they will be a great help to us in our aquarium.

As you may have read these plants need clean water and plenty of oxygen so before adding them to our aquarium it is best to let the water stand for 24 hours so that all residual substances dissipate.

You should also take into account that they are heavy plants, so do not put them directly on the substrate but rather attach them to stones or other solid objects with thread or fishing lines.

You can divide Anubias by separating the roots from the stone where it grows and replanting them in other pots or substrates with tanglefoot or fishing lines.

If you notice that a part of the plant has turned yellow, cut it and attach it to a stone or other object where it will grow. The roots will start growing again in a very short time and your Anubias will continue to live.

How should I acclimate Anubias plants to my aquarium?

When you buy your Anubias comes wrapped in plastic because this protects them from damage. Once you have introduced the plant to its new environment, cut the plastic so that it can receive light and begin to grow.

It is best to acclimate Anubias gradually so that they do not suffer any shock, for this reason, you should open the plastic where it is tied and pass a thread through its leaves so that you can attach it to a stone.

You may also need some fishing line because Anubias does not always come with a rock or other solid object where it can be attached.

Leave it like this for 24 hours and during this time make sure there are no bubbles around the plant because they should always have clean water.

After 24 hours you can place it in your aquarium, but do not let go of the thread or fishing line until you are sure that your Anubias adjusts well to its new environment. If after a week it does not seem to suffer or look worse then it may be already part of your aquarium and you can remove the fishing line.

If after a week it begins to deteriorate, leave the thread or fishing line longer because it is still not completely acclimated. Remember that this plant needs special conditions to do well, so if you buy one make sure you know how to take care of it properly.

Another option to propagate Anubias is through division. Some species develop offsets and these can be divided and replanted in pots where they will continue to grow.

However, you should only divide your Anubias if it is a large plant because the smaller ones need more time to adjust and recover from transplanting so often prefer to attach themselves to other solid objects.

If you decide to divide your Anubias, remove the fishing line and separate it into smaller pieces with clean water and then place each one in a pot filled with a substrate where they will begin to grow again.

Remember that this plant sometimes does not take very well so if you notice after a week or so that your Anubias does not look good, it may be the result of transplanting so leave the thread or fishing line longer.

The different types of Anubias plants?

The leaves of Anubias plants come in different shapes and sizes, giving them the ability to adapt to any environment in which they are located.

Additionally, these plants do not require much attention or special conditions for their growth, making them an excellent choice for beginners with aquariums.

Anubias Barteri It is one of the most popular types of Anubias plants because it grows very well in almost any environment.

It has wide leaves that allow the fish to swim between them and will not block the light or affect other plants growing underneath them, making this type excellent for aquariums with heavily planted areas.

Anubias Gracilis Has small thin leaves where young fish can hide from predators and is ideal for aquariums with little light where other plants do not grow well.

It has long roots that come out of the leaves allowing them to anchor themselves on the substrate, this gives it a very unique appearance among Anubias plants.

It’s an excellent choice for tanks with fast-moving fish because its leaves are so small that they will always avoid them and not get caught.

Anubias Nana A slower-growing plant than others and is ideal for aquariums with fish who like to dig in the substrate because its leaves are located on top of the water.

Its roots allow it to attach itself to rocks or driftwood, another advantage is that it does not grow too tall which allows more light to reach other plants.

In addition, it can be used as a prop in tanks with little depth and is excellent for tanks with algae because its leaves collect organic material from the water, filtering it before reaching other plants.

Anubias Coffeefolia This type of Anubias has beautiful red leaves that contrast sharply with the green color of its stem.

Its small leaves grow horizontally allowing them to cover a larger area and provide a greater surface for light absorption.

This plant also has long roots which allow it to attach itself to driftwood or rocks in the substrate, another advantage is that it does not grow too tall which allows more light to reach other plants.

Anubias Congensis This Anubias plant has large leaves which allow it to grow in deep tanks and its wide leaves reduce the risk of stagnant water getting caught between them.

The roots are long, but not as much as those of Anubias Nana which enables this plant to be placed near the surface of the water.

It’s an excellent plant for aquariums with fish who like digging around in the substrate because its leaves are located on top of the water and will not be disturbed by this activity.

Anubias Petite Has smaller leaves than most Anubias plants which makes it ideal for smaller aquariums, however despite its name it is not slower growing.

This plant has thick leaves and its roots grow horizontally allowing them to cover a large area of the substrate which enables great light absorption.

Anubias Coffeefolia – Author: Rickard Andersson Anubias Broad Leaf This type of Anubias has wide leaves that allow fish to swim between them and they do not block light or affect plants growing underneath them.

This plant is excellent for aquariums with heavily planted areas and it does not require much care, making it an excellent choice for beginners.

Anubias Nana Gracilis also called “Ripple Leaf” for its wavy leaves. It grows well in low light conditions but will grow faster in higher lighting.

Anubias barteri var. angustifolia is a dwarf species that makes an excellent centerpiece for the smaller aquarium.

A slow-growing plant whose leaves are attached to limestone rock by rhizoids, forming large colonies on larger rocks. Size: Large.

Anubias nana is a small plant with small light green leaves on top of its roots but is located under the water. It’s very tough and hardy. Size: Small-Medium.

A slow-growing plant whose triangular leaves are attached to limestone rock by rhizoids, forming large colonies on larger rocks. Size: Large.

A slow-growing plant whose spear-shaped leaves are attached to limestone rock by rhizoids, forming large colonies on larger rocks. Size: Large.

Anubias barteri var. angustifolia is a dwarf species that makes an excellent centerpiece for the smaller aquarium.

A slow-growing plant whose leaves are attached to limestone rock by rhizoids, forming large colonies on larger rocks. Size: Large.

Many Anubias plants have been developed with specific growth forms for aquarium use, each with its distinctive feature.

This plant has narrow leaves and is ideal for smaller aquariums or densely planted areas. Size: Small.

Anubias species to buy for our aquarium?

There are different kinds of Anubias both large and small that can adapt perfectly to any type of aquatic environment.

Here are some recommendations that do not require special care and will do well in almost any aquarium.

Anubias Barteri Var. Nanjenshan – a very beautiful large plant with small yellow flowers. Anubias barteri subsp. nana – a small species with leaves no more than 5cm, it reproduces by dividing the roots. Anubias heterophylla – a species with leaves up to 10 cm and solid ribbons that float.

And also : anubias barteri var nana, anubias afzelii, anubias gracilis ,anubias hastifolia black java fern, java fern moss ball, micro sword plant grass, Christmas Moss, Java moss.

How to deal with common problems with Anubias plants?

In most cases, if your Anubias begins to deteriorate it is because it was not acclimated properly and has not adapted well to the new environment.

If this happens, leave the thread or fishing line longer until it recovers, and then place your Anubias in a place where it will receive bright sunlight without being directly exposed to the sun.

Remember that this plant does not like sudden changes of temperature and needs high humidity and good maintenance so the success of your aquarium depends largely on its care.

You can fertilize your Anubias with products for aquatic plants to supplement their food source and help them grow better, but do not forget that you must be very careful with their dosage or you will kill your entire aquarium.

As a last resort, if the deterioration is very serious and it seems that there is no hope for it to recover you can remove your Anubias from the aquarium to begin a new plant in a pot.

If after removing the old plant and putting a new one in its place, you notice that there are some old leaves on the new one, remove them as soon as you see them to avoid any diseases from spreading over your aquarium.

Everything You Need to Know About Anubias barteri

If this procedure does not achieve good results, try another Anubias with a different type of substrate.

The benefits of adding Anubias plants to your tank?

As we mentioned in the beginning, this type of plant is known for its ease of growth and low maintenance, but there are other reasons why they are beneficial to use in your aquarium.

In an aquarium with fish that eat plants, adding Anubias can be a good idea because their leaves are very thick and small animals can get caught inside them, in this way they will not damage your aquarium plants.

Also when you add Anubias to an aquarium without a lot of light there is no risk that the leaves dry up and with their wide leaves avoid stagnant water from forming on them.

In addition, these plants are also known for being good hiding places for baby fish who will feel more protected by these leaves.

Another of the benefits is that they help maintain the pH levels in your aquarium and remove impurities from the water.

If you decide to add Anubias plants to your aquarium, it will be necessary to provide them with a substrate where they can grow since their roots do not like to float and must anchor themselves to the bottom.

Anubias plants are very beautiful and will give your aquarium style, but be aware that some species grow much faster than others which you must choose according to the size of your aquarium.

If you follow all these recommendations before adding Anubias plants to your tank you can manage to create an environment where both fish and plants can coexist in perfect harmony.

Where to buy Anubias plants?

You can buy Anubias plants in aquarium stores or online and there are many varieties available depending on what type of fish you have.

Conclusion

The Anubias is a plant that must be kept in mind when we think about decorating our aquarium because it has multiple species that are easy to reproduce both by seed or division. They are very beautiful plants with leaves of different shapes, sizes, and colors.

No doubt this plant is a must in your aquarium because it gives us different options when choosing the right plants for our fish tank.

As has already been mentioned, Anubias do not need special care. The most important thing to avoid is excessive light, high nitrate levels, or else they could die.

Besides doing well in cold climates, these plants also do fine when the water in our aquarium gets too hot. The only thing you have to keep in mind is that their leaves will become brown if they are moved with very cold waters.

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