In 2022, according to the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) report published by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) were ranked as the 8th deadliest terrorist group in the world.
The report stated that IPOB was responsible for 57 deaths in the year 2022, resulting from 40 attacks with 16 injured persons.
Based on the provided statistics, here is a list of deadliest terrorist groups in 2022:
- Islamic State (IS)
- Islamic State – Khorasan Province (ISK)
- Jamaat Nusrat Al-Islam wal Muslimeen (JNIM)
- Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA)
- Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB)
- Boko Haram
- Islamic State West Africa (ISWA)
The report indicated that the Islamic State (IS) and its affiliates were the deadliest terrorist groups in the world for the eighth consecutive year in 2022, followed by Al-Shabaab, ISK, and Jamaat Nusrat Al-Islam wal Muslimeen (JNIM). The GTI report showed that IS killed 1,045 people in 410 attacks with 644 injured, while Al-Shabaab killed 784 people in 315 attacks with 1,016 injured.
ISK killed 498 people in 141 attacks with 832 injured, JNIM killed 279 people in 77 attacks with 215 injured, and Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) killed 233 people in 30 attacks with 113 injured.
The report also noted that the impact of terrorism in Nigeria continued to decline in 2022, with total deaths decreasing by 23% from 2021 to 385 in 2022. The number of terrorist attacks also fell considerably, with 120 incidents recorded in 2022 compared to 214 in 2021, which is the lowest number of terror attacks and deaths since 2011.
In 2022, military personnel were the most targeted group, accounting for 25% of all attacks, followed by civilians at 24% and law enforcement at 18%. However, half of all terrorism deaths in Nigeria in 2022 were civilians.
The report stated that civilian deaths increased by 78% from 2021 to 196 deaths, while military deaths decreased by 74% from 2021 to 58 deaths in 2022. ISWA remained the deadliest terrorist group in Nigeria for the third consecutive year, with 57 attacks and 211 deaths in 2022, a decline of 28% in attacks and 13% for deaths compared to the previous year.
IPOB recorded their deadliest year in 2022, responsible for 40 attacks and 57 deaths, an increase from 26 attacks and 34 deaths the previous year. The report also noted that Boko Haram’s attacks almost halved within the last year, with the lowest number of attacks by the group for over a decade.